The Kingdom of God’s rule and reign over all the earth was established at the death, burial, and resurrection of the King - Jesus Christ - and was initiated by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
The Spirit was not permanently given and sealed into anyone prior to the resurrection of Christ. The prophets in the Old Testament DID have the Holy Spirit in them, which inspired them to write scripture, however, it is clear that this was not so with the entirety of Israel. The Old Testament also plainly speaks of the Holy Spirit withdrawing from men (like King Saul), and would come “upon” others. This is why we find so many Old Testament prophecies concerning the coming of the Holy Spirit (ex. Ezek 36:25-27; Joel 2:28-32).
Many people prior to the cross had the Holy Spirit come upon them. The Holy Spirit came down upon covenant Jews for a purpose and function such as prophecy, priesthood or kingship (i.e. David) but the Spirit was not sealed in them as the Spirit now is sealed into and remains in us. This is why Luke says concerning Jesus, "having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this which you now see and hear" (Acts 2:33).
In the New Covenant of Christ, the Holy Spirit is given as a gift to us and a pledge of our eternal inheritance. As Paul says, "you were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit" (Eph 1:11). Here he means that the Holy Spirit is a covenant seal between us and God. If we have the Holy Spirit we are in covenant with God through the blood of Christ. Or as Paul says elsewhere, “we have been made partakers of the Kingdom of Light” (Col 1:12-13).
It is by the gift of the Holy Spirit that we partake in the blessings and reality of the Kingdom of God. As such, no one was born again into the Kingdom of God before Christ the King of the Kingdom, rose from the dead. There is no Kingdom without a King, and the Holy Spirit which communicates the Kingdom of God to us was not yet given.
“Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” – John 3:3
The Old Testament predicts a coming earthly kingdom, a kingdom that will be fulfilled someday through Jesus Christ, who is the second Adam, and the One who fulfills the Scripture. Israel had been a kingdom (with kings) but had not been for some time while captive under foreign administrations. The Jews believed the Messiah would herald a restoration of the kingdom of Israel, but the Kingdom of God was established instead, which was spiritual in nature and a fulfillment of God’s Promise in Genesis 3.
"The Messianic kingdom is primarily soteriological (Isa 52:7–10). It is a kingdom of grace, of unmerited divine favor (Zech 12:10). In addition, God establishes the messianic kingdom in holiness and His holiness pervades the kingdom (Ezek 28:25; Zech 14:20). He initiates the kingdom by pouring out His Holy Spirit upon all flesh (Joel 2:28–29)."
** (THE KINGDOM OF GOD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT by William D. Barrick, Th.D.,
Professor of Old Testament, The Master’s Seminary)
Bible Verses that describe the COMING of the Kingdom of God – (Future Tense):
Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom.
And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not with observation: Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
See Also Matthew 26:27-29
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.
And, being assembled together with them (THE DISCIPLES, who were JEWS) commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel? (They were looking for a PHYSICAL KINGDOM, POLITICAL in Nature) And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power. But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto
me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
Anna Cheslick is the wife of Scott Cheslick and the creator of Humble Woman Ministries. Scott and Anna created Pure Word Ministries in December of 2017 as a means of Evangelical outreach through Social Media.
Her passion is writing about God's Word in order to build-up, encourage and edify others and to glorify God.